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Lesson Plan by Lauren Martin M.Ed.

TP-CASTT Poetry Analysis

This free, printable Pixton lesson plan brings poetry to life with comics and storyboards.

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Featured Layouts

When students complete the activities in this lesson plan, they will use the following comic layout types.

  • Storyboard
  • Timeline
  • Mind Map
  • Poster

Your students will create amazing images like these in no time!

This free, printable Pixton lesson plan brings poetry to life with comics and storyboards.
This free, printable Pixton lesson plan brings poetry to life with comics and storyboards.
Pixton Lesson Plan on TP-CASTT Poetry Analysis

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TP-CASTT Poetry Analysis

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Teacher Guide

TP-CASTT Poetry Analysis

Step 1Class discussion with students

Getting Started

TP-CASTT is a mnemonic device to analyze poetry. Using TP-CASTT, students should focus on the title, paraphrase, connotation, attitude, shift, title (again), and theme. Before students can use TP-CASTT, they must understand the terminology of each step. Review the following complex skills associated with TP-CASTT.

  • Paraphrase: Re-write the meaning of a text in your own words.
  • Connotation: The secondary figurative meaning of a word or the positive or negative associations of a word.
  • Attitude: The author's attitude is also called the tone. This is the writer's feelings about the subject matter.
  • Theme: The underlying meaning or message.

Opening Discussion

Introduce TP-CASTT Poetry Analysis:

  • Title: Students predict what the poem will be about based on the title.
  • Paraphrase: Students read the poem and paraphrase it's meaning in their own words.
  • Connotation: Students examine the possible multiple figurative meanings of words or the positive or negative associations of words to analyze if the poem has a deeper meaning beyond the surface literal meaning.
  • Attitude: Students infer the author's tone or attitude toward the subject-matter based on word choice and content.
  • Shift: Students decide if there is a shift in tone in the poem and how this shift affects meaning.
  • Title: Students revisit the title to revise their interpretation of its meaning and its affect on the interpretation of the poem as a whole.
  • Theme: Students analyze the deeper meaning, purpose and message of the poem/poet.
Step 2Pixton comic-making activities
  • Make a Storyboard or Timeline
    Identify TP-CASTT Poetry Analysis

    Complete after opening discussion.

    View Activity
  • Make a Mind Map or Timeline
    Apply TP-CASTT to Poetry

    Complete after class reading or discussion.

    View Activity
  • Make a Mind Map or Timeline
    Apply TP-CASTT to Lyrics

    Complete after class reading or discussion.

    View Activity
  • Extension / Modification
    Poster (Extension / Modification)

    Create a classroom reference Poster to illustrate the steps of TP-CASTT poetry analysis.

  • Extension / Modification
    Mind Map (Extension / Modification)

    Create a Mind Map to illustrate the steps of TP-CASTT for your favorite poem or song.

Step 3Concluding discussion with students

Discuss the following:

  • Does the TP-CASTT poetry analysis method make analyzing poetry more or less difficult? Why or why not?
  • In your opinion, does TP-CASTT leave out any important components of poetry analysis? Why or why not?
  • How might TP-CASTT give you a deeper understanding of popular music lyrics? Give specific examples.
Print this Activity

Pixton Activity: TP-CASTT Poetry Analysis 1 Identify TP-CASTT Poetry Analysis

Featured Layouts

  • Storyboard
  • Timeline

Intro

Review TP-CASTT Poetry Analysis:

  • Title: Students predict what the poem will be about based on the title.
  • Paraphrase: Students read the poem and paraphrase it's meaning in their own words.
  • Connotation: Students examine the possible multiple figurative meanings of words or the positive or negative associations of words to analyze if the poem has a deeper meaning beyond the surface literal meaning.
  • Attitude: Students infer the author's tone or attitude toward the subject-matter based on word choice and content.
  • Shift: Students decide if there is a shift in tone in the poem and how this shift affects meaning.
  • Title: Students revisit the title to revise their interpretation of its meaning and its affect on the interpretation of the poem as a whole.
  • Theme: Students analyze the deeper meaning, purpose and message of the poem/poet.

Instructions

Create a Storyboard or Timeline that illustrates the elements of TP-CASTT:

  • Identify the element in the panel title.
  • Write a detailed description of the element.
  • Include an appropriate illustration for each panel.

See the rubric for grading guidelines.

Print this Activity

Pixton Activity: TP-CASTT Poetry Analysis 2 Apply TP-CASTT to Poetry

Featured Layouts

  • Mind Map
  • Timeline

Intro

Review TP-CASTT Poetry Analysis:

  • Title: Students predict what the poem will be about based on the title.
  • Paraphrase: Students read the poem and paraphrase it's meaning in their own words.
  • Connotation: Students examine the possible multiple figurative meanings of words or the positive or negative associations of words to analyze if the poem has a deeper meaning beyond the surface literal meaning.
  • Attitude: Students infer the author's tone or attitude toward the subject-matter based on word choice and content.
  • Shift: Students decide if there is a shift in tone in the poem and how this shift affects meaning.
  • Title: Students revisit the title to revise their interpretation of its meaning and its affect on the interpretation of the poem as a whole.
  • Theme: Students analyze the deeper meaning, purpose and message of the poem/poet.

Instructions

Create a Mind Map or Timeline that illustrates the elements of TP-CASTT in poetry:

  • Identify the element in the panel title.
  • Write a detailed description of the element.
  • Include an appropriate illustration for each panel.

See the rubric for grading guidelines.

Example Mind Map

TP-CASTT Analysis of a Poem by Student
Mind Map"On Being Brought from Africa to America" TitleThe title suggests the poem will describe the actual journey from Africa to America. Since the word "brought" is used it seems the poet was brought by force as a slave. ParaphraseIn my own words, the poem states: After arriving in America, I am grateful for learning about Christianity and salvation that I never knew existed in Africa. However, I hope to teach Americans that Africans are equal to them and can also learn Christian virtues and be worthy of salvation and heaven. Connotation Wheatley uses many words that evoke negative images and also the color black. She relates blackness to evil to critique white American's racist views. She uses the words "benighted," "sable" and "cain" alongisde the words "diabolical," "die" and "scornful." AttitudeWheatley speaks with a dignified and appreciative attitude meant to convince the reader of the virtues of American culture and the Christian values that should teach the equality of the races. ShiftWheatley begins the poem appreciatively praising the virtues of American Christian values. She then shifts tones to reprimand the racist belief that Africans are immoral, backwards and beyond salvation. Title (Again)After reading the poem, it is clear the title does not refer to the phycial journey from Africa to America. Instead it refers to the learning experience of actually living in America in contrast to Africa. ThemeWheatley's purpose for writing this poem is to teach her white readers to respect African-Americans as equals. She illustrates her own moral and intellectual superiority, and challenges readers to view her as immoral or inferior based on race alone.
Print this Activity

Pixton Activity: TP-CASTT Poetry Analysis 3 Apply TP-CASTT to Lyrics

Featured Layouts

  • Mind Map
  • Timeline

Intro

Review TP-CASTT Poetry Analysis:

  • Title: Students predict what the poem will be about based on the title.
  • Paraphrase: Students read the poem and paraphrase it's meaning in their own words.
  • Connotation: Students examine the possible multiple figurative meanings of words or the positive or negative associations of words to analyze if the poem has a deeper meaning beyond the surface literal meaning.
  • Attitude: Students infer the author's tone or attitude toward the subject-matter based on word choice and content.
  • Shift: Students decide if there is a shift in tone in the poem and how this shift affects meaning.
  • Title: Students revisit the title to revise their interpretation of its meaning and its affect on the interpretation of the poem as a whole.
  • Theme: Students analyze the deeper meaning, purpose and message of the poem/poet.

Instructions

Create a Mind Map or Timeline that illustrates the elements of TP-CASTT in music:

  • Identify the element in the panel title.
  • Write a detailed description of the element.
  • Include an appropriate illustration for each panel.

See the rubric for grading guidelines.

Example Mind Map

TP-CASTT Analysis of Song Lyrics by Student
Mind Map“All Along
the Watch Tower”
TitleThe title, "All Along the Watch Tower" suggests the poem will be about looking out over a society or way of life to critique it or protect it. ParaphraseIn my own words, the speaker wants to escape the superficial society that does not value his gifts. He is tired of people taking life for granted, not valuing the purpose of life, or using others for self-gain, as they blindly follow mundane norms of society. ConnotationMany words have a secondary connotative meaning. A joker or jester is used to mean anyone who does not take the meaning of life seriously. A thief is any selfish person who hurts others for personal gain.The "hour is gettng late" means life is short. AttitudeThe attitude is a combinitation of being critical, sad and determined: Critical of society; sad at the state of reality; and determined to make a change. ShiftAt the beginning of the song, the tone is frantic with: "there must be some way out of here." The tone shifts to a deliberate and authoritative tone, cooly observing and critiquing society. Title (Again)"All Along" the watch tower entails a critique of every aspect of every society, as opposed to one focal point on one watch tower. The title emphasizes the later point that "he can't get no relief" because things look the same every where he goes. ThemeThe purpose and message of the song is to encourage people to find meaning in life and to embrace their unique identity instead of becoming a stereotype and following mundane norms of society.

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