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Lesson Plan by Cassie Bermel B. Ed.

The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger

This free, printable Pixton lesson plan brings American literature to life with comics and storyboards.

Make American literature come to life with comics!

Including these awesome activities:
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Featured Layouts

When students complete the activities in this lesson plan, they will use the following comic layout types.

  • Character Map
  • Comic Strip
  • Storyboard
  • Graphic Novel
  • Mind Map
  • Poster

Your students will create amazing images like these in no time!

Pixton Lesson Plan on The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
Pixton Lesson Plan on The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
This free, printable Pixton lesson plan brings American literature to life with comics and storyboards.

Main Characters

The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger

When you import any of the activities below, you can choose to share these ready-made characters with your students.

  • Holden Caulfield from The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
    Holden Caulfield

    The protagonist and narrator, a 16-year-old who is expelled for failing his classes

  • Ackley from The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
    Ackley

    Holden’s neighbor in school, an insecure teen with acne and a hygiene problem

  • Stradlater from The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
    Stradlater

    Holden’s roommate, a handsome, popular student

  • Jane Gallagher from The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
    Jane Gallagher

    A girl with whom Holden spent a summer with. He finds her attractive and often refers to her

  • Phoebe Caulfield from The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
    Phoebe Caulfield

    Holden’s 10-year-old sister, whom he loves

  • Allie Caulfield from The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
    Allie Caulfield

    Holden’s younger brother who died three years before the start of the novel. Holden holds Allie in high regard, and carries around his old baseball glove

  • D.B. Caulfield from The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
    D.B. Caulfield

    Holden’s older brother, who is a successful author and whom Holden admires, even though he “prostitutes” his stories to Hollywood

  • Sally Hayes from The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
    Sally Hayes

    A pretty girl whom Holden has dated for some time

  • Mr. Spencer from The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
    Mr. Spencer

    Holden’s history teacher who tries to motivate Holden to do better in school

  • Carl Luce from The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
    Carl Luce

    Holden’s old student advisor, who used to give the boys advice about girls

  • Mr. Antolini from The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
    Mr. Antolini

    Holden’s old English teacher whom Holden respects and goes to for advice

  • Maurice from The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
    Maurice

    A hotel worker who arranges a prostitute for Holden

  • Sunny from The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
    Sunny

    The prostitute whom Holden hires

Featured Props

The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger

Student creations come alive with these themed objects – in addition to our library of over 3,000 props!

  • Alley
    Alley
  • Book
    Book
  • Cigarette
    Cigarette
  • Field
    Field
  • Glass
    Glass
  • Glove
    Glove
  • Horse
    Horse
  • Rain
    Rain
  • Skyline
    Skyline
  • Suitcase
    Suitcase
Print this Teacher Guide

Teacher Guide

The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger

Step 1Class discussion with students

Before your students read The Catcher in the Rye, introduce them to the novel by discussing the major themes of:

  • Isolation as a form of protection
  • The painfulness of growing up
  • The phoniness of the adult world

Possible questions:

  • Have you ever isolated yourself from a person or group because you were afraid they might hurt you?
  • What has been one of the hardest things about growing up for far?
  • The protagonist in the story, Holden Caulfield, repeatedly calls aspects of the adult world 'phony'. Do you agree? If so, what aspects might be fake or phony?

Generate a discussion with this scenario: “You are kicked out of school and given $2,000 dollars for a refund on your tuition. You have three days until your parents will find out that you have been expelled. What do you do with this time and money?” Later, you can compare and contrast their responses with Holden’s actions.

Step 2Pixton comic-making activities
  • Make a Character Map
    Character Map

    Begin at the start of the novel, and make additions as the unit progresses.

    View Activity
  • Make a Comic Strip, Mind Map, or ...
    Imagery

    Make two short comics, one of Holden’s image of what “Comin’ Thro The Rye” means, and the other of what it actually means.

    View Activity
  • Make a Storyboard, Comic Strip, or ...
    Symbolism

    Sketch one of the symbols from the novel and explain its importance.

    View Activity
  • Extension / Modification
    Graphic Novel (Extension / Modification)

    Create a short Graphic Novel using 1 panel to represent each chapter (26 total).

  • Extension / Modification
    Poster (Extension / Modification)

    Create a Poster as an alternate book cover for the novel The Catcher in the Rye.

Step 3Concluding discussion with students

This novel was written in 1951, yet it is considered a classic, it is still read today. It is alluded to in literature, music, and film. Why do you think that is?

What does The Catcher in the Rye tell us about life as a teenager? What are some of similarities and differences to life as a teenager now?

Print this Activity

Pixton Activity: The Catcher in the Rye 1 Character Map

Featured Layouts

  • Character Map

Intro

Understanding characterization is an important skill that will help reinforce key attributes of the play’s characters, and help create connections with the plot and theme. The characteristics that make up the protagonist and other characters help shape the outcome of the narrative. Novels are known for their “Foil Characters” whose main values differ from that of the protagonist.

Instructions

Choose four of your favorite characters from The Catcher in the Rye and create a Character Map for each one.

  • Make sure to include a protagonist and a foil character among your selections.
  • It's important to add sufficient detail to all the parts of the map.
  • Include an appropriate illustration based on the character's attributes that are outlined in the novel.

See the rubric for grading guidelines.

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Pixton Activity: The Catcher in the Rye 2 Imagery

Featured Layouts

  • Comic Strip
  • Storyboard
  • Graphic Novel
  • Mind Map

Intro

Translating words into images is an important skill to have, whether you physically draw the images or imagine them in your head. The more attention you pay to the words, the more detailed the image will be.

Instructions

In Chapter 22 of The Catcher in the Rye, Holden explains a very detailed image he has of the song “Comin’ Thro’ the Rye”, but Phoebe corrects him as to what the song is actually about.

Create a comic showing the imagery of the song. Be sure to include the way Holden imagined it, as well as what the song actually portrayed.

See the rubric for grading guidelines.

Rubric: Imagery

Use this interactive rubric for easy, thorough assessment. It can even be used by students for self-assessment!

5 4 3 2 1
Overview The image is focused, has thoughtful details and is insightful. The image is clear, well developed, and logical. The image is easy to follow; ideas are correct, but may be basic or simple. The image discusses some relevant ideas, but may have frequent errors. The image is hard to follow; ideas are not developed.
Meaning Ideas, information and use of detail • strong point of view
• develops ideas clearly and logically with details, examples, and descriptions
• relevant ideas with consistent analysis
• logical descriptions or examples clarify and develop the ideas
• relevant ideas with some analysis
• examples or descriptions are simple and consistent
• few relevant ideas
• examples or descriptions may be poorly developed or illogical
• ideas are not developed
• few details or descriptions
Form Organization and sequence (beginning, middle, end) • proper organization
• sequence is highly effective and has purpose
• panels are thoughtful and detailed
• all panels are organized or logical
• logical sequence
• all panels are present
• most panels are organized or logical
• consistent attention to sequence
• all panels are present
• some panels are organized or logical
• some attention to sequence
• some panels may be missing
• panels are not organized or logical
• no attention to sequence
• panels are missing
Conventions Complete sentences, spelling, punctuation, grammar (e.g.,
use of pronouns; agreement; verb tense
• correct sentence structure, grammar, spelling and punctuation; may include some errors in complex structures • few errors in basic sentence structure, spelling, punctuation, or grammar; errors do not interfere with meaning • occasional errors in sentence structure, spelling, punctuation, or grammar; errors rarely interfere with meaning • several errors in sentence structure, spelling, punctuation, or grammar; errors may make parts hard to follow • repeated errors in basic sentence structure, spelling, punctuation, or grammar often make the writing hard to understand
Total

Example Storyboard

Imagery in “The Catcher in the Rye” by Student

Here's the link to share this comic:

Student Handout

Share this comic with your students to demonstrate the activity without giving away the farm :)

Imagery in “Cinderella” by Pixton
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Pixton Activity: The Catcher in the Rye 3 Symbolism

Featured Layouts

  • Comic Strip
  • Storyboard
  • Graphic Novel
  • Poster
  • Mind Map

Intro

Three important symbols in the novel are:

  • Holden’s red hunting hat
  • The ducks at the Central Park lagoon
  • The Museum of Natural History

Instructions

Choose one of the symbols above and create an illustration of it in a comic, including:

  • What it symbolizes
  • Why it’s important
  • An important quote regarding that symbol

See the rubric for grading guidelines.

Rubric: Symbolism

Use this interactive rubric for easy, thorough assessment. It can even be used by students for self-assessment!

5 4 3 2 1
Overview The symbolism is highly developed; examples have significant purpose and engage the reader. The symbolism is well developed; examples are specific and provide sufficient support. The symbolism is briefly discussed; examples are accurate but not fully explained. The symbolism is briefly discussed; vague or irrelevant examples. The symbolism is not identified; lacks any supporting examples.
Meaning Ideas, information and use of detail • strong point of view
• develops ideas clearly and logically with details, examples, and descriptions
• relevant ideas with consistent analysis
• logical descriptions or examples clarify and develop the ideas
• relevant ideas with some analysis
• examples or descriptions are simple and consistent
• few relevant ideas
• examples or descriptions may be poorly developed or illogical
• ideas are not developed
• few details or descriptions
Style Clarity, variety, impact of visuals and language • language is clear, varied
• flows smoothly; variety in sentences
• images and characters are fully developed; high attention to detail
• language is clear with some variety
• includes a variety of sentence lengths and patterns
• images and characters have purpose and significance
• language is clear with little variety
• basic sentence structures with a few variations
• images and characters are basic, but have purpose
• basic language; vague at times
• repeats a few basic sentence structures
• images and characters have minimal development
• vague, incorrect and repetitive language
• poorly constructed sentences; little variety
• images and characters are poorly developed
Form Organization and sequence (supporting examples identified) • proper organization
• examples are properly referenced
• panels are thoughtful and detailed
• all panels are organized or logical
• examples are properly referenced
• all panels are present
• most panels are organized or logical
• examples are properly referenced
• all panels are present
• some panels are organized or logical
• examples are not/improperly referenced
• some panels may be missing
• panels are not organized or logical
• examples are not referenced
• panels are missing
Conventions The text demonstrates standard English conventions of usage and mechanics • demonstrates precise English conventions
• uses eloquent words, rich sensory language and mood to convey a realistic picture
• demonstrates precise English conventions
• uses precise words, controlled sensory language and mood to convey a realistic picture
• demonstrates standard English conventions
• uses words and phrases, telling details and sensory language to convey a vivid picture
• demonstrates some accuracy in standard English conventions of usage and mechanics • contains multiple inaccuracies in Standard English conventions of usage and mechanics
Total

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